In a world where money makes the world go round, it’s crucial to trust banks to keep our hard-earned cash safe. While depositing money is a common practice, there’s always a risk of bank failures, leaving depositors in an uncomfortable position. This is where deposit insurance comes to the rescue, providing a safety net to depositors in case of a bank’s collapse.
In India, the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) provides deposit insurance coverage, assuring depositors of their funds’ safety. This agency is a wholly owned subsidiary of the RBI established in 1978. It insures a user’s deposit of up to ₹5 Lakhs. But how does this measure up against other countries’ deposit insurance coverage? Let’s dive into the nitty-gritty of deposit insurance.
Deposit Insurance Coverage in India
DICGC provides deposit insurance coverage to depositors in India. The insurance coverage is limited to ₹5 lakh per depositor, per bank. This includes savings accounts, fixed deposits, current accounts, and recurring deposits.
In case a depositor has more than one account with the same bank, the deposit insurance coverage is limited to ₹5 lakh per depositor, irrespective of the number of accounts held by the depositor. However, if you have different kinds of accounts in a different capacity ( like a joint account holder, as a partner for a firm, guardian to a minor, etc.), then each account insured to a limit of ₹5 lakhs.
Deposit Insurance Coverage in Other Countries
Deposit insurance coverage varies from country to country. Some countries have a higher deposit insurance coverage limit than India, while some have a lower limit. Here is a comparison of deposit insurance coverage in some other countries:
1. United States
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) provides deposit insurance coverage to depositors in the United States. The insurance coverage is limited to $250,000 per depositor, per bank. This includes savings accounts, checking accounts, and certificates of deposit (CDs).
2. United Kingdom
The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) provides deposit insurance coverage to depositors in the United Kingdom. The insurance coverage is limited to £85,000 per depositor, per bank. This includes savings accounts, current accounts, and cash ISAs (Individual Savings Accounts).
The Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation (CDIC) provides deposit insurance coverage to depositors in Canada. The insurance coverage is limited to $100,000 per depositor, per bank. This includes savings accounts, checking accounts, and term deposits.
What are the Advantages You Get as an Indian?
India’s deposit insurance coverage under DICGC has some advantages over other countries’ insurance coverage. Here are some advantages that Indians might have compared to other countries:
1. Higher Coverage Limit for Small Depositors
In India, the deposit insurance coverage limit is ₹5 lakh per depositor, per bank, which is higher than some other countries’ coverage limit. This higher coverage limit is beneficial for small depositors, as they can get better protection for their savings.
2. Comprehensive Coverage
DICGC provides deposit insurance coverage for all types of deposit accounts, including savings accounts, fixed deposits, current accounts, and recurring deposits. This comprehensive coverage ensures that almost all kinds of depositors are protected in case of bank failures.
3. Affordable Premium
DICGC charges a nominal premium for deposit insurance coverage, which is paid by the banks. This premium is much lower than the premium charged by deposit insurance schemes in some other countries.
The banking sector is the backbone of any economy, and its stability is crucial to ensure financial well-being. Despite numerous banks operating in India and across the globe, the possibility of some banks failing cannot be completely ruled out. Therefore, depositors must be well-informed of their rights to protect their hard-earned money.
Keeping in mind the turbulent environment in banking and the adverse affects it has on depositos, the government has made several provisions to safeguard their money in case of a bank defaulting on payments. If you know how the different clauses under DICGC that help you protect your money, you can take full advantage of it to safeguard a larger portion of your wealth.